Akadama (3-6 mm)
Akadama (3-6 mm)
Akadama (3-6 mm)
Akadama (3-6 mm)
Akadama (3-6 mm)
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Akadama (3-6 mm)

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Halamanin's Akadama 3-6mm substrate is a clay-like, naturally occurring dirt found primarily in Japan. The term Akadama means "red ball dirt" in Japanese, and it was given to this soil as a result of Mt. Fuji's eruptions on Honshu Island. The process of creating this type of soil for Bonsai trees has been going on for generations, and it normally starts when layers of red soil are mixed in with ordinary black soil. The red dirt would ultimately dry up and be crushed, resulting in the soil that many people believe is best for their plants.

Akadama is known for its porosity characteristic, which is the ability to hold water and store it in microscopic pores and cavities for a longer period of time. This ability to retain water and nutrients is vital for all plant life, but it is also extremely crucial for bonsai and succulents. This is because Akadama is highly porous in nature and dries up pretty quickly. It is something that is now getting stunningly popular among succulent lovers all across the world. This type of soil also has the advantage of being free-draining, which means that given enough time, Akadama can easily drain excess water. Additionally, this does not deteriorate and this can also be mixed with other potting media.

In using Akadama, mix 20% of Akadama with 20% of coarse sand and add 30% of pumice. Rest you can fill up with potting soil, pebbles, volcanic rocks, and gravels. The compositions shown above are only our recommendation, as there is no one particular recipe, try to experiment with the ingredients. The end goal is to provide them with a soil which is fairly nutrient-rich and is highly drainage friendly.